- Kigali genocide Memorial Centre.
This is an international centre located in Rwanda’s capital Kigali with 3 permanent exhibitions with the biggest being the one with the 1994 genocide information.
The Kigali City Council began to construct the shell of a building in 2000 that later became the Memorial Centre and they were working along side Aegis Trust based in UK which they invited to turn the aspiration for a centre into a reality by gathering information about that is may be useful in the memorial centre.
Today, there are over 7000 people that visit the centre just to read about the genocide and also see the different exhibits about the genocide. There are oral testimonies collected from different Kigali city quarters, documents, publications, human bones and skulls that have been treated for conservation and weapons used during the genocide like machetes, clubs, swords, etc. Kigali Genocide Memorial also contains objects like rosaries, photographs, identity cards, shoes, clothes and pipes abandoned by victims.
This Genocide Memorial is the best known and most visited memorial site in Rwanda because it is easily access by all people if on your way from or to the Kigali international airport, you can always pass by and get the get to see what you want to see and then proceed with your journey to the air port or to the hotel in the city.
- Gisozi Genocide Memorial Centre
This genocide is the same Kigali Memorial Centre at Gisozi. It was officially opened on the 10th Anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide that was in April 2004 and its creation was funded by a number of donors from different corners of the world.
- Ntarama Genocide Memorial Centre
Ntarama genocide is located ion Bugesera a rural province of Kigali. The association of Bugesera with genocidal development is a long one because a long period of time, there been forced population movements and numerous massacres. It is located just an hour’s away from Kigali towards the southern part of the country in the peaceful location very close to the Ntarama church and it is shadowed by acacia trees. At this Ntarama Church, however, is where some of the most brutal killings of the 1994 Rwandan genocide took place because so many people over 5000 of the most of which were kids and women ran to that church as they thought it was the safest place that they could go to but unfortunately, it was not a safe place at all. Until today, the victims of the genocide remain there, their bones still scattered with lifeless chaos where they fell more that ten years ago.
Sad to see was the way how their belongings covered the floor like the clothes, suitcases, a child’s white sock which were the last bits and pieces of a desperate flight for life in the days.
- Murambi Genocide Memorial Centre
This was a technical school located in Namagabe district in the southern province, just about 3 hours from Kigali where over 60000 people ran to find shelter from the interahamwe during the genocide and 27,000 people were killed and about 1800 bodies were exhumed from the mass graves, displayed in form of a stark, shocking monument, with hundreds of corpses are temporarily preserved and currently displayed in those used to be class room. The memorial has been developed as a permanent exhibition to the genocide to act as a reminder that such a thing should never be allowed to happen in Rwanda or any other country which makes a place worth visiting because there is probably no place like that one any where else from where you can best understand how horrible those 100 days were for the Rwandese. It center has information from the times of colonial times to the more recent history of the 1994 genocide and its design focuses on developing a memorial from which the school children and local community can benefit. There is also a museum that you can visit.
- Nyamata Genocide Memorial Centre
From this place, around 2,500 people were killed when they had come to for sanctuary in the church therefore after the period of the genocide, it later become symbolic of the mistreatment of women during the genocide. In the church at Nyamata, there will be graphic and audio-visual displays that will focus particularly on the mass rape, brutal attacks on women and the use of HIV as a deliberate weapon of genocide
- Bisesero Genocide Memorial Centre
Bisesero is set in the hills of the Kibuye province of West Rwanda about 31 km from Kibuye town. Most of the people that lived in this place used to be Tutsi called the Abasesero who were also cattle keepers and during the 1994 genocide, over 50,000 people were killed from this place. These people tried to organize themselves against the massacre for some weeks from the Hutu people but they were unsuccessful because they were fighting with sticks yet fighting well-armed and trained soldiers thus the big number.
After encountering resistance, the Hutu organized a more serious attack and the new attackers were armed with modern powerful weapons which the Basesero could not resist for very long and so they succumbed to the genocide. According to testimonies of the survivors from this area, there are only a few Tutsis who lived in Bisesero that managed to escape, over 50,000 people from the region were killed and an estimated population of 1,000 people escaped and survived the massacre.
- Nyanza Genocide Memorial Centre
There were over 2000 Tutsi people that sought refuge at the ETO school located just outside Kigali city and this was during the early days of the genocide in April 1994 and they were under the protected of the United Nations Peace Keeping force however, when the UN withdrawal from the area, all these people who has sought refuge were marched up the road to Nyanza where they were all slaughtered like animals. This site is not yet fully developed as it is marked by simple wooden crosses but it act as a reminder of how Rwanda was abandoned by the International Community leaving its innocent citizens to die in the hands of ruthless people. Each year on April 11th, a memorial ceremony takes place on the site where the deserted refugees were murdered in cold blood.
- Nyarubuye Genocide Memorial Centre
This is in Kibugo town in Kirehe district in the Eastern province. It’s a convent and school where 20,000 who were trying to escape from Rwanda through the border into Tanzania were killed.During 2003, the school became functional again; the convent, however, remains empty, apart from the bones of the victims, and will be turned into a memorial and education centre.